Finding Robust Itemsets Under Subsampling

Abstract. Mining frequent patterns is plagued by the problem of pattern explosion making pattern reduction techniques a key challenge in pattern mining. In this paper we propose a novel theoretical framework for pattern reduction. We do this by measuring the robustness of a property of an itemset such as closedness or non-derivability. The robustness of a property is the probability that this property holds on random subsets of the original data. We study four properties: if an itemset is closed, free, non-derivable or totally shattered, and demonstrate how to compute the robustness analytically without actually sampling the data. Our concept of robustness has many advantages: Unlike statistical approaches for reducing patterns, we do not assume a null hypothesis or any noise model and in contrast to noise tolerant or approximate patterns, the robust patterns for a given property are always a subset of the patterns with this property. If the underlying property is monotonic, then the measure is also monotonic, allowing us to efficiently mine robust itemsets. We further derive a parameter-free technique for ranking itemsets that can be used for top-k approaches. Our experiments demonstrate that we can successfully use the robustness measure to reduce the number of patterns and that ranking yields interesting itemsets.

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